The temple is one of the four Shaktipeethas of Goddess Durga in Maharashtra; the other three being Mahalakshmi temple at Kolhapur, Mahamaya Renuka at Mahur and Jagadamba at Saptashringi.
Bhavani temple ofTuljapur is the tutelary deity of Chatraptati Shivaji- the great Hindu ruler of Maratha. It is believed, Goddess Bhavani gave a sword to Shivaji (known as Bhavani talwar) to fight against the Mughal army.
There are many legends on the origin of this ancient temple. One and most prominent is that Goddess Durga, with the help of seven other goddesses together known as “Saptamathrikas”, killed a demon called Matanga at this place and took abode here after.
Second legend is associated with the killing of a demon called Mahishasura at this place. The third legend is about killing of a demon called Kukur to save the dignity of a pious woman called Anubhuti at this place.
Historical evidence takes the existence of this temple at least to the 12th century AD. There are many other shrines dedicated to other Gods and Goddesses of Hindu religion. The temple tank called Gomukh thirth is considered holy and many take a dip in it before worshipping the Goddess Bhavani.
Temple is atop a hill called Yamunachal hill. It is about 45 kilometers from Solapur.